Monday, April 15, 2019
The Seduction Of Unreason Essay Example for Free
The Seduction Of Unreason EssayPostmodernism suffers many critics, some arguing for its tariff in practically destroying the study of literature in America and Europe with a Leftist bent. Richard Wolin, professor of history and comparative literature at the City University of New York, disagrees and his own critique is that Postmodernisms launching fathers were fascinated almost obsessed with the far-Right fascism of 1920s and 1930s. Wolpin demonstrates in his book that basic tenants of postmodernist design considered politically Leftist in origin, come actually from the ultraconservative far-Right. At the same time, he does not consider Postmodernism a serious threat to literary study or societyConservatives hold postmodernists responsible for the latter-day decline of the West, accusing them of promoting relativism by undermining the traditional concepts of reason and truth. But they seriously overestimate postmodernisms impact and influence, which hashappilylargely bee n confined to the isolated and bloodless corridors of academe ( Wolin 2004, 313).However, he states that postmodernist estimate is a celebration of heterogeneity and radical difference risks abetting the neotribalist ethos that threatens to turn the post-communist populace order into a aggregate of warring, fratricidal ethnicities (Ibid.). In this, he believes these identities and related demand for political correctness will replace reason, to the detriment of society.Wolpin considers a few select thinkers, namely Bataille, Blanchard, and Jung comparing their ideologies to those of Heidegger, Nietzsche and a few others. He claims that the similarities between the two camps argon not coincidence and in fact, these philosophers are all conservatives. Bataille, Blanchard, Jung, and their followers simply repeated the antidemocratic ideals and reactionary teachings of Nietzsche and Heidegger to varying degrees.Many Leftists rejected French Enlightenment ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. Postmodernist thought is currently dominant in academia, the media, literature, and world politics. Rejection of power in Postmodernism seems to be a distrust of politics in general and this rejection attempts to hide deep down a sense of special identities and political correctness. For example, European neo-fascism once spoke of white supremacy, but straightway promotes national and ethnic identities, or multiculturalism.Wolin shows that the current ideal of multiculturalism is merely political and anti-democratic. He sees associated secularism as example decay and societal downfall in a grand conspiracy of thought tracing hold up to the enemies of the French Enlightenment who felt reason and critical inquiry to be evil. Replacing a persuasion in reason and progress, there is now a Leftist obsession with political correctness and a cult of identity in cultural factions. In The Seduction of Unreason, Wolpin successfully demonstrates the seductive but patent an d radical element of thought that spurs the rejection of reason in Postmodernism, and it is fascism.ReferencesWolin, Richard. 2004. The Seduction of Unreason The Intellectual Romance With Fascism From Nietzsche to Postmodernism. Princeton University Press.