Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Form and structure Essay The skeleton of form and structure of A Dolls House comes from a french piece bien faite which means a well made play. Ibsen was introduced to this kind of drama in Bergen, Norway and Oslo. When he was there France was at the frontier of modern drama. Serious play writers in France did not like the bien faite concept and looked down on it as low class entertainment. This type of play always had the same type of plot and characters: The innocent distressed wife , the domineering jealous husband, the cruel villain, guilty secrets. The story line always following the same pattern intrigue and tension, secrets and obstacles until the final pistol shot or embrace. There is also always a moral to the plays Ibsen took this idea and expanded it, instead of having stereotypical 2 dimensional characters Ibsen depict complicated characters that the audience could relate to and identify with. Also the audience can learn something about there world and life through whats on stage for example learn from the characters mistakes like mrs linde and krogstad who loved each other but didnt stay together and so were un happy until they were reunited. Dolls house takes place in a Norwegian town. Interestingly all the scenes take place in one location. The sitting room of the Helmers house, which serves as a room were they receive guests and a family room, there are two doors one in and out of the lounge and one to Torvalds office. Ibsen describes the set in intricate detail , to the extent of drawing diagrams , this is a style of drama that he been named photographic drama for obvious reasons. The reason for this precision is that every piece of furniture and prop revel the character of the people who live in the house. A good example is the small bookcase with richly bound booksin Torvalds office. The description of the books could also describe his character as richly bound as torvald is someone who looks good on the outside and is very concerned of how people that dont know him well enough to know what his real personality is perceive him. Also the Christmas tree represents various stages of Nora and torvald live. When they are happy it looks perfect, when they are sad it droops and looks sad. Ibsen has described his set so perfectly that the same symbolism of the set is produced in every production. One of the most original techniques of Ibsens is to place all important events before the play begins. The audience do not witness the events as they occur; instead the audience discovers the information about them in different ways as the play progresses. Important events include Noras loan, Krogstads crime, Mrs Lindes marriage, and Dr Ranks inherited fatal illness. The action of the play all takes place in a very short space of time (three days) and all in one location, the living room. I feel Ibsen does this to add to the suspense and to add impact Noras life changes so dramatically over the space of three days. There are five major characters who are all very close or have something that binds them closely together. Their lives mirror or contrast each others lives. There is also a sense that everything a character does affects the other characters. Ibsen also shows how every action of each character is the result of their past. For example Noras impulsive and carelessness with money are qualities inherited from her father and krogstad respectful because he needs to pass on a good name for the sake of his sons, he doesnt want them to have a past. Every character in the play is vital to some theme or symbol. For example even the nursemaid of Noras ties up with the major theme of Noras development of child, to child wife, to woman. She not only connects Nora to her past( which she clearly has not let go of cause she still needs her nanny to help her ) but also to the future as when Nora leaves her children the nanny has to care for them . Everything that the audience sees and hears in the play is for a reason the characters, intricate props and conversations are all heavy layered with meanings and symbolism. For example when Dr Rank says At the next fancy-dress ball I shall be invisible There is a big black hat have you never heard of hats that make you invisible? If you put one on, no one can see you. (Act Three) He is talking about the fact that he will be dead and therefore will not be there , Torvald however does not get the hidden meaning of this conversation, which cleverly makes an otherwise very morbid conversation very funny. The details revel hidden meanings of the play In the same way that the action is constructed to make the audience feel the tension mounting. In act one is calm everyday life but by they end shows disturbing revelations and problems. In Act 2 thoughts of ranks death and suicide climax in Noras frantic tarantella. By the third and final act the audience feels the tension and Nerves that Nora feels as they no everything that she does and that Torvald is about to find the letter. Until when Helmer finds out, there is a sense of relief until he decides he will not support Nora. The Climax of the play is not what the audience suspected. The audience suspected it would be when Torvald finds out, however the true climax of the play is when Nora slams the door. Another technique Ibsen uses to show the end of a scene with the door bell or the nurse coming in and asking for someone for example at the end of act one when the nurse comes in and asks for Noras help with the children.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Self Reliance - Society never advances "Society never advances. It recedes as fast on one side as it gains on the other. ... For every thing that is given something is taken." Emerson, "Self Reliance", p 169 I agree with this statement, and it frustrates me to no end. Our country is screwed up in every direction one looks. People are starving while others have too much money to spend. Our population is out of control. We pollute to no end. Ours is one of the best countries in the world? SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s tumors seem to keep growing but I want them to end. These problems disturbed me to the point of depression when I discovered them but now I can handle my knowledge. One thing that has helped me is learning about American history. I thought that we teetered on the brink of imminent collapse with budget, environmental, and social problems, but I have learned about the problems that America has dealt with over the years. Now I know that this time period is no worse than the past. Yes, no worse than the past, but like the quote suggests, no better either. We keep trying for advancement, starting new social programs and developing new scientific solutions. Sometimes we make a little headway. When penicillin was discovered, it was a great boon to the medical industry. We are well on the way to loosing that gain as anti-biotic resistant microbes invade our bodies. We have eliminated slavery and segregation but the gap between the rich and poor has grown to compensate for this victory. We make scientific progress yet there are more ox-carts in use across the globe than there ever have been in the history of mankind. Are we actually making progress? I write this on a machine more powerful than the entire computing power of the world just sixty years ago.
Monday, January 13, 2020
I believe the main point Sophocles was trying to convey in the story Ã¢â¬Å"Oedipus RexÃ¢â¬ was that you have to be accountable for your actions. He shows this by the use of dramatic, situational, and many more different kinds of irony. Sophocles also uses foreshadowing to show how Oedipus needs to be accountable for his actions. Sophocles is teaching his audience an important life lesson. Sophocles shows his audience that you have to be accountable for your own actions. He does this by showing the audience that no one could have stopped Oedipus from fulfilling his lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s prophecy. In the play Ã¢â¬Å"Oedipus RexÃ¢â¬ Sophocles tells the story of a man, who is now king of Thebes. He was born in a different land and was told a prophecy that he would kill his own father and wed his mother. When he heard this he fled from the land and came to Thebes where he claimed the throne and became their king. Oedipus is a head strong person. Who often doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t think before he speaks, such as when he says, Ã¢â¬Å"And for myself I pray that if he should, with my knowledge, become a resident of my house, I may suffer the same things which I have just called down on others. Oedipus says this not knowing that he himself is the murderer and that he will punish himself. Oedipus also makes judgments and decisions before he knows all the facts. One example of this is when Creon says, Ã¢â¬Å"Kinswoman, Oedipus, your husband, wants to do one of two terrible things to me, either thrust me from the land of my fathers or to arrest and slay me. Ã¢â¬ Oedipus is so angry with Creon that he does not think before accusing him even though Creon is trying to protect Oedipus. Since OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ character is flawed it helps support SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ point of saying that you are accountable for your own actions. This is shown the best when Oedipus tells his wife, Jocasta, that while he was traveling to Thebes he ran into a man on the road who tried to push Oedipus from the path. Oedipus, having a short temper, struck out and slayed all the men in and leading the carriage. This was not a good thing to do in the first place, but what Oedipus did not realize was that the man in the carriage was Laius. Laius was the former king of Thebes and was OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ biological father. When he killed Laius he fulfilled half of his prophecy. This fulfillment is also an example of situational irony. It is situational irony because Oedipus believed he would be the hero and banish the murderer of Laius from the land. He believed he would end all the suffering, but in fact he was the murderer. Another example of irony that supports SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ idea that you are accountable for your actions is when Oedipus says, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ who declared that I was doomed to slay my father? But he is dead, and lies beneath the earth, and here I am, not having put my hand to any spearÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ This is dramatic irony. Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows more than the characters in the story. In which case things said and events in the story take on different meanings to the characters and to the audience. In this case Oedipus thinks he has overcome his lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s prophecy because he did not kill the man he believed to be his father. But the audience knows that OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ real father is Laius. The audience also knows that Laius was the man on the road that Oedipus murdered. So to the audience this just ads to the suspense of Oedipus finding out that he is the murderer. Foreshadowing also plays a huge role in showing SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ point that you are accountable for your own actions. In the play, Oedipus Rex, foreshadowing is used in the lines said by Jocasta, Ã¢â¬Å"No. Soon after he returned and found you ruling in LaiusÃ¢â¬â¢ stead, he pled with me, with hand laid on mine, to send him to the fields, to the pastures of the flocks, that he might be far from the sight of this town. Ã¢â¬ This is foreshadowing because the audience knows that the man fled because he saw Oedipus, the same man who had murdered his king, ruling the city. Oedipus though only now is starting to question the event in which he killed men on the same road that the Laius was killed on. This is a foreshadowing of Oedipus finding out that he is LaiusÃ¢â¬â¢ son and that he fulfilled the prophecy by killing his father and marrying his mother. Sophocles was trying to convey the message that you are responsible for your actions because you never know what might happen because of your mistakes. He shows this message in Ã¢â¬Å"Oedipus RexÃ¢â¬ . He uses irony, foreshadowing and the flaws in OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ character to relay his message.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
I expected coming into this course and not having a clue what I was doing. I also expected not being able to complete each task properly and on time. The reason I was expecting these things to happen was because I am not good at the technical side of writing. I am often discouraged from writing about topics that I do not want to write about; also learning the technical parts of writing can be frustrating for me. I thought that I was going to be overloaded with chapters to read and a ton of work that I did not want to do; however, this was not the case. This class was not as bad as I expected. I was able to keep up while still maintaining my grades. I was able to hand my assignments in on time as well. The McGraw site was easy to navigate and the information was all very helpful as well. In a sense this class met my expectations but more so in a positive way than a negative one. I was pretty confident in my writing abilities before the beginning of this class. 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