Paren seatg Pr mapices and Child Social Adjustment : Multiple Pathways of Influenceby Celene E . Domitrovich , Karen L . BiermanThis study explored pathways of bow linking parenting practices tyke perceptions of their parents and lucifers , and friendly adjustment . both dimensions of parenting practices were assessed from both parent and peasant reports : warmth /support and antipathy /control . Child perceptions of matess also were assessed along these same dimensions . Parenting practices were related to chum-reported amicable sort , peer dislike and barbarian accessible problem re understand . Children s perceptions of their parenting experiences were related to their kind problem solving and their reported social trauma . In some cases , tike perceptions of peer relations mediated the associations . The findings are discussed in footing of the importance of both the family and peer domains for pincer social developing and the influence that kidskin perceptions may have for psychological well-beingIn 1978 , Hartup wrote an honored in which he described the context of the family and the context of the peer group as the two worlds of childhood Although previous attempt had emphasized the impact of parenting on child social-emotional growing , Hartup (1979 overstretch from ethnographic and primate studies to suggest that peer interaction big businessman also play a critical and complementary control in the assimilation process . Since then empirical confront has validated the importance of positive peer relations , indicating that they tin social support , promote social skill eruditeness , and buffer children against feelings of loneliness and social anxiety (Parker , Rubin , Price DeRosier , 1996 . In contrast , poor peer relations visit simultaneous and long-term pro blems , including aggression , cultivate f! ailure , and psychological inconvenience (Parker Asher , 1987 .
Researchers are now beginning to explore links mingled with the socialization system of the family and the experiences children have with peers , in to better go go forth trainingal processes that may account for continuity (or discontinuity ) in social-emotional development across these important socialization contextsOne conceptual stick of element linkage , the social learning theory model predicts that parenting practices act to model , evoke , and selectively reinforce child social expression , thereby influencing peer relations (Putallaz Heflin , 199 0 . Indeed , parental praise , positive involvement , and demonstrations of affection and warmth predict child displays of prosocial behavior (Brody Shaffer , 1982 Radke-Yarrow Zahn-Waxler Chapman , 1983 , teacher ratings of child social competency (Atilli , 1989 Dekovic Janssens , 1992 , and pocket-size levels of child aggression at home and at school (Atilli , 1989 Pettit , Bates remit , 1993 Rothbaum , Schneider-Rosen , Pott Beatty , 1995 Conversely , high levels of coercive and penitentiary issue , including frequent reprimands , threats , and hostile punishment promote child aggression (Dishion , 1990 Eron , Huesmann Zelli , 1991 McFadyen-Ketchum , Bates , Dodge Pettit , 1996 Pettit et al , 1993 ) and are associated with low levels of child prosocial behavior in peer contexts (Brody Shaffer , 1982Parent-child interactions also appear to influence children s social problem-solving orientations by teaching children strategies for initiating interactions and resolving conflic ts in peer situations (Hart , Ladd Burleson , 1990 We! iss , Dodge , Bates Pettit , 1992 . For example , Pettit and his colleagues (Pettit , Harrist , Bates Dodge 1991 ) found that intrusive parent-child interactions predicted hostile child problem-solving orientations and...If you want to get a full essay, localize it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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