Monday, January 28, 2019
Feminism and Marginalization Essay
pistillate characters in wipeout of a sales troops ar marginalised and trivialised. Criticism from feminists reflects the lives of wo custody and what extent they be marginalised and trivialised. Wo hands be being relegated to a secondary level and are attain unimportant as portrayed by critics, feminist and Arthur Miller in his book Death of a salesman and this can be derived from their views towards the topic. There are different reasons wherefore and different flairs in which women are make unimportant and ways in which this may be stopped if non minimized.Some feminist view marginalisation and trivialization as factors brought about by equality or exit in gender or sex. They indicate that womens supposed differences from men pull in been used over the centuries to relieve discrimination against women and their exclusion from full social and political citizenship. They argue that the unalterable differentiation, however has been that women discombobulate been give n an inferior or secondary spatial relation in the society because of the assumed natural sexual difference pg9-10 (freedman. Feminism).For centuries difference has been the starting point of and scantilyification for the creation of different social roles for men and women. Not only was womens biological capacity for child redeem and breast feeding and the gener completelyy lesser physical strength seen as determining their social role in the kinsfolk ,occupying themselves with domestic chores and obstetrical delivery up children, but it was also claimed that these biological differences made them unfit to enroll in the public sphere. Women were judged to be less reasonable than men, more rule by emotion, and thus incapable of political decision making, for fashion model.They continue to enjoin that the social roles and modes of behaviour that civilizations present assigned to women have kept them in an inferior position to that of men. This means that women are not like the workings classes in Marxism political theory they have not emerged an oppressed group because of situation historical circumstances, but have always been oppressed in all forms of social organization. Ortner(1998 21) argues the secondary status of women in the society is one of the unfeigned universals, a pan-cultural fact.And as she goes on to explain, this secondary status of women can be explained by the fact that within multiplicity of cultural conceptions and symbolizations of women that exist and that have existed in different societies, there is a constant in the women are being closer to temper in their physiology, their social role and their psyche. Whereas women have been perceived as closer to nature, men have been perceived as closer to culture, more suited for public roles and political association.For this reason, women have been relegated to a secondary status in the society, often confined to roles in the home rather than able to accede to powerful public po sitions. For example Willy Loman treated his wife Linda badly, he overpowered her and he bosses her and disrespects her and s always rude to her and this is why she kept herself busy with house hold duties as any some other oppressed wife would do. E. g he doesnt give her a chance to talk when she tries to give her ingest opinion pg31 and he shouts at her a lot even she is doing the best she can to make situations let on pg69 (Arthur Miller. Death of a salesman) Carol Gilligan believes that the reason why women are marginalized and trivialised is because their voices have not been heard, that women have not been given a chance to convey out their views because of the common culture that men are more superior. single if we can understand why their voices have been silenced, and how the dominant ideal of honourable autonomy in our culture, as well as the privileged translation of the moral sphere, continue to silence womens voices, do we have a hope of moving to a more inte grated vision of ourselves of our cub humans generalized as well as concrete others. Benhabib 198895) for example where Linda tries to give suggestions or to air out her opinion then Willy separate her to shut up and he told her not to interrupt him. Willy does not part with her to say what she wants to say, he does not give her the opportunity to speak.This in its own way is marginalization and trivialization because it proves how men feel that everything they say is right and matters or so than what women say because they feel that they are more superior than women. pg31 and pg49(Arthur Miller. Death of a salesman) Feminist ambivalence to maternalism is based on the argument that womens public role if framed womens condition of subjection the ideology of domesticity and womens exclusion from public roles in society. The qualities and capacities make women different from men are those acquired through with(predicate) their condition of oppression. Pg31(Sara Goodman and Di ana Mulinari. Feminist intervention in discourses on gender and ontogeny). Dorothy Smith(1987) has shown how men in position of power do not only control the world but name it and how women are excluded from the transition of description and ordering the world.SHULAMITH FIRESTONE 197912 believes that womens oppression is thus the primary feather oppression, an oppression that goes back beyond history to the animal kingdom itself, and this oppression is based on biological oppression. The effects of biology are all-pervading, and womens inferior social position can be explained by biology- their fruitful capacity and their weakened physical condition these biological factors being beef up by mens development of social structures that keep women fasten to their reproductive role. pg69 (freedman. Feminism).Examples of oppression are where Linda always tries to make situations better as way to please her husband, she takes a lot from Willy and never complains about the way he treats her. She takes all this in because she believes in pleasing her husbanding and by so doing it is shown that she is oppressed, she is not doing what she wants but what she thinks is right because she lives under the shadow of her husband and her dictatorship. E. g Linda looks out for her husband, does everything in his favour and does everything for him. E. where she asks her sons not give Willy a effortful time and where she tries to make the situation batter by telling him that it was near a joke yet she know it wasnt and she does this to protect him pg42-48(Arthur Miller. Death of a salesman) Firestone(1979) says womens liberation is therefore a struggle to wear upon free from oppressive power structure set by nature and reinforced by man. She believes that women must be liberated through destruction of biological oppression and this can happen through the development of reproductive technologies that will free women from their biological reproduction capacity.In my opi nion, marginalization and trivialization are phenomenons that exist in everyday life because it is believed that man are superior and women are inferior and this idea contributes thus they encourage marginalized and trivialization of women. disparity and difference are also contributing factors because they give the impression that just because women and man are different based on their sex, women are believed to be incapable of a lot of things including decision making thus broad man the impression that they are able to rule or they are more capable of a lot than women.Oppression is also a contributing factor because it limits women from doing things to their full capacity in that they live consort to what they are stipulated to do and this oppression gives man the power to belittle women and to make them unimportant. I believe that equality meaning equal opportunities to both man and women is the best solution to stopping marginalization and trivialization of women.