Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Aristotle Life Story Essay

Aristotle was born in Greece approximately 384 B. C. , to parents Nicomachus and Phaestis. His incur Nicomachus was physician to King Amyntas of Macedon, and his let was of a wealthy family from the island of Euboea. When he was 17 he went to dissect at Platos Academy in capital of Greece, where he stayed for around 20 years. Aristotle did actu wholey well at the Academy, but when Plato died he was not chosen to be among the leaders. Soon after Platos death he left to instill Prince Alexander, later to be known as Alexander the Great. Aristotle later returned to Athens to open his own school which is known as the Lyceum.Aristotle was more arouse in science than other philosophers in his clip, maybe because his father was a doctor. Hes almosttimes referred to the father of science. One of Aristotles just ab out(p) important contributions was sorting and classifying the various knowledge of science into branches. He and then set(p) the foundation of science today. Aristotle i s also thinking to be the father of the scientific order. In ancient times, gods were judgement to be the cause of so farts in nature. Early Greek philosophers questioned the roles of gods as the cause of these events. If the gods werent the cause of these events, who was?Philosophers innovative explanations based on philosophical principles and mathematical forms. Aristotle found that unsatisfactory. He was the first of alone to realize the importance of empirical measurement (measurement based on notification and experience), believing that knowledge could only be gained from building on what was already known. Aristotles contributions were measurement and observation, which is what science, is built upon. He was the first to propose the thought of induction as a tool to gaining knowledge, and understood that theoretical thought and reasoning had to be supported by real world findings.His method is summarized as follows Study what others maintain written about the subje ct, look for the customary consensus about the subject, and perform a systematic study of everything even parcel related to the topic. This is the very first sign of a scientific method. Aristotle love categorizing and organizing things. For instance, with the soul he thought it was composed of two components a apt and irrational part. The rational one-half was sub set outd into scientific and calculative sections, and the irrational half was execute up of a desiderative (desire) part and a vegetative part.A person operates by combining all the workings of these parts. The vegetative part may be hungry. The desiderative part may want disseminates of dulcorate instead of, say, vegetables, but the scientific part knows candy will be bad for teeth and weight. The calculative part will then move to work out a compromise. Problem solved Aristotle assumed that thither must be some basic commodities that combine to make all things. These basic four throngs are, earth, water, air a nd fire, and each of these are a confederacy of two of four opposites, hot and cold, and wet and dry.For example, fire is hot and dry. He claimed that all materials were do from various combinations of these elements. His love of categories also led him to divide people into three groups. The big group, who loved pleasure, a smaller group -includes politicians- that love honor, and the smallest, but most elite group, who love contemplation. The latter were the philosophers. Aristotles next task was to find the key reason that separated gentleman from animals. His answer was our ability to reason. Aristotles really great contribution was that of biology.Having open up the division between humans and animals he set out categorizing all he could of the biological world. He grouped animals with related characteristics into genera and then divide these genera into species. This same process is used today, though subsequent research has caused some of the individuals to be moved arou nd. He wrote in detail about v hundred different animals in his works, including a hundred and twenty kinds of seek and sixty kinds of insect. He was the first to perform dissections on living things, so he could try to make sense of how they worked.He described how a chick develops within an egg and realized that dolphins and whales were different from fish. He historied that ruminant animals, like cows, had multi-chambered stomachs, something that separated them from simple-stomached animals. Not only did he study large animals, but small ones as well, such as bees. He also made lead way in botany. He essay to classify over 500 plants into trees, shrubs, and herbs and, while he was not all in all successful in this, he certainly understood which features of plants were necessary for making distinctions.This time he has earned the title of father over botany. Aristotle made many other contributions to science, one of which was proving the humankind was a sphere, although he inc orrectly thought that Earth was the center of the universe. Plato disagreed with this theory he sided with Copernicus who rightly thought the sun was the center of the universe. Aristotle also studied physics. He did not have many tools for experimentation so he could not measure time or speed. He did not allow for invisible forces, so he did not study gravity. Things fell to Earth and the moon circled the earth because thats what they did.In spite of his limitations, Aristotle made some remarkable contributions to physics and laid the groundwork for Galileo, Newton, and Einstein. He reasoned that infinite velocities could not exist, that time and drive are continuous and inseparable, and that time was even flowing, infinite, and the same everywhere at once. These are all true, and are part of Einsteins possible action of Relativity. Thats amazing considering the limitations he had to work with. Anti-Macedonian feeling broke out in Athens around 323 BC. The Athenians accused Arist otle of irreverence.He chose to flee, so that the Athenians might not twice sin against philosophy (by killing him as they had Socrates). He fled to Chalcis on the island of Euboea. Aristotle died in 322 BC. After he died a lot of his work and research was lost. It is thought that today we only have about 1/3 of what he had originally written. Aristotle was an amazing scientist, but even he was not without mistakes. For example, he wrongly assumed that force is ask to keep an object moving at constant speed. This error held growth back for years. He also, as I stated before, thought the Earth was the center of the universe.But, really isnt that what science is about? Trial and error, make mistakes then learn from them, thats how you make real progress in science. Aristotle is proof of this. Look at all the progress we have made today, from his mistakes. Bibliography Bibliography 1. http//www. ucmp. berkeley. edu/history/aristotle. hypertext markup language 2. http//www. enotes. c om/topics/aristotle 3. http//www. philosophypages. com/ph/aris. htm 4. http//jcmooreonline. com/2010/12/28/aristotles-enduring-contribution-to-scien ce-education-and-physics/ 5. http//www. iep. utm. edu/aristotl/ 6. http//galileo. phys. virginia.edu/classes/109N/lectures/aristot2. html 7. http//www. valpo. edu/geomet/histphil/ scrutiny/aristotl. html 8. http//plato. stanford. edu/entries/aristotle-biology/LifWor 9. http//leavis. tripod. com/science. htm 10. http//www. experiment-resources. com/history-of-the-scientific-method. html 11. http//www. sciencekids. co. nz/sciencefacts/scientists/aristotle. html 12. http//www. historyforkids. org/learn/greeks/philosophy/aristotle. htm 13. http//www. mlahanas. de/Greeks/AristotleBiol. htm 14. http//www. thocp. net/biographies/aristoteles. html 15. Info from class 16. Physical Science Book.

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