Friday, February 15, 2019
The most shameful and worst thing that Socrates states is corruption of soul, including ignorance, cowardice, and injustice (Plato 822), Ignorance, cowardice and injustice are caused by the lack of familiarity, harmonize to Socrates claim that the essence of each virtue (e.g., holiness, justice, fortitude, self-control) is the same as knowledge or wisdom (Plato 779). Therefore, based on his doctrine that no wiz knowingly and ordainingly behaves wrongly, Socrates could make comments on the given case by drawing on the dialogues (e.g., Protagoras and Gorgias), in which he also mentions about ignorance, cowardice, or injustice. Most importantly, Socrates would want to investigate the central concepts closely since he believes that unrivalled must know the truth about the subject s/he is going to discuss (Plato 547-548, 847-857). Therefore, this paper shall also discuss how and why Socrates prefers a philosophical discussion with his dialectic method to mere rhetoric persuasion. 1. Ignorance, Cowardice, and inequityTo Socrates, some incidents mentioned in the case would seem to manifest the perpetrators lack of wisdom. Undoubtedly, plotting to rape is an immoral put to death, and according to Socrates, to commit an immoral action is to do something in the state of ignorancethe lack of knowledge of what is good (Plato 775-777) in other words, Socrates would think that if people fully understood the damage of demonic deed then they would not have plotted to do it. Also, Socrates declares that courage is synonymous with knowledge and that the opposite of couragecowardicerepresents ignorance of what is and is not to be dreadful (Plato 789-790). Therefore, Socrates could raise a question whether the father, who fled when his son kept behind, ... ...idences keep up the effectiveness of Socratess dialectic in disclosing unexamined premises and flawed arguments. Therefore, Socrates would harbour his view that the dialectic is the best way to truth and philos ophy.Conclusion kinda of explicitly drawing conclusions, the discussion over the present case will remain to be continued with real presence of Socrates interlocutor so that they can present each others own opinions and to engulf in the philosophical labor oneself (Plato 778-779). Also, in Socratic dialogues, each version is often a beginning for another series of examination (e.g., Socrates states at the end of the Protagoras and Euthyphro, their discussion has to start once again from the very beginning) thus, many Socratic dialogues suggest that lessons may actually attained from the method, not the effect of the argument (Plato 546-554).